Category Archives: Criminal Investigations

Legal investigators assist in preparing criminal defenses, locating witnesses, serving legal documents, interviewing police and prospective witnesses, and gathering and reviewing evidence.

Does a DUI lead to more serious crimes

From Forensic Magazine,  DUI’s are linked to future handgun crimes.

http://www.forensicmag.com/news/2017/01/duis-linked-later-firearms-crimes-study-says

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IC3 Latest Scams

 The Internet scams never end. Here is a link from the Internet Crime Commission’s website

Current and ongoing Internet trends and schemes identified by the Internet Crime Complaint Center along with its description:

Auction Fraud
Auction Fraud — Romania
Counterfeit Cashier’s Check
Credit Card Fraud
Debt Elimination
Parcel Courier Email Scheme
Employment/Business Opportunities
Escrow Services Fraud
Identity Theft
Internet Extortion
Investment Fraud
Lotteries
Nigerian Letter or “419”
Phishing/Spoofing
Ponzi/Pyramid
Reshipping
Spam
Third Party Receiver of Funds

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Sex Trafficking in America-Aggravated Prostitution-Is Having Aids a Crime?

Prostitute talking to a potential customer in ...

Prostitute talking to a potential customer in Western Europe – Kay Chernush for the U.S. State Department (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I sometimes forget about AIDS as it never comes into the news much, except for Africa, and there I thought the US was helping Africa get control of the AIDS epidemic. But we have forgotten about our own problems. Amazing that you can get treatment in Africa, but evidently not in Tennessee. In Tennessee a person is sentenced to the Sex Offender list for being HIV positive.  I came across this blog, Criminal HIV Transmission from the HIV Justice Network.

From the Knoxville News Sentinel, June 2009

[The woman] differs from most of the 525 other known prostitutes arrested in Knox County over the past five years in one significant way: she is HIV-positive. [Her] medical condition means that when she turns tricks for a living she’s committing a felony called aggravated prostitution. Women without HIV face misdemeanor prostitution charges that often add up to no more than probation and a fine. [She] is a repeat offender, having been convicted twice of being an HIV-infected prostitute before she was arrested a third time early this year, records show. Despite the fact that she’s never been accused of any type of sexual assault, her criminal history already means she must register as a sex offender under state law and follow many of the same restrictions as rapists and child molesters.

US Conference of Mayors has asked to decriminalized AIDS.  Read this.  

Today, the U.S. Conference of Mayors passed a resolution calling for “the elimination of HIV-specific criminal laws and implementation of approaches to HIV within the civil and criminal justice systems that are consistent with the treatment of similar health and safety risks.”
It goes on to support the REPEAL HIV Discrimination Act and endorses the recommendations of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS for ending federal and state HIV-specific criminal laws, prosecutions, and civil commitments. – See more at: http://www.hivjustice.net/news/united-states-conference-of-mayors-calls-for-the-elimination-of-hiv-specific-criminal-laws/#sthash.6I8sVE6W.crQIC1q0.dpuf
In North Carolina, our only incidents with HIV people is when they are arrested and the police report being bitten, spit on, etc..(What -no infected prostitutes?) According to the statement by the US Conference of Mayors,
“WHEREAS, nearly all HIV-specific criminal laws do not consider correct and consistent condom use and effective antiretroviral therapy that reduces the risk of HIV transmission to near-zero as evidence of a lack of intent or ability to harm; and behaviors that according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have negligible risk of transmitting HIV, such as spitting and biting, have resulted in sentences as long as 35 years: and – “

Time for our legislators to actually research the law before just passing law in reaction to opinion.

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With No Unified Database, Many Murder Victims Remain Nameless – WNYC

With No Unified Database, Many Murder Victims Remain Nameless – WNYC. The need for a national database of missing persons.

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Filed under Cold Case, crime and justice, Criminal Investigations, death investigations, Home, Investigative Databases, Laws, Laws effecting Investigators, Missing Person Investigations, Professional Investigations

Human Trafficking in North Carolina

Old news to some, new News for me…

The case of Lucinda Lyons Shackelford of Charlotte. Shackelford was convicted of Human Enslavement for charges of forced labor and document servitude, which is the withholding of an individual’s legal documents, following an investigation by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI).

According to Grio (http://thegrio.com/2011/01/25/woman-charged-with-human-enslavement/)

The US Justice Department alleged that Shackleford forced the teen to clean her home, work on her boyfriend’s car and sell beer to trailer park residents. The indictment also alleges that she demanded his pay, struck him, and threatened to call law enforcement and immigration officials if he did not return to her home. (Sounds like how I grew up)

TG_Slavery_012411_mezzn.jpg

 

Shackleford was convicted and sentenced.

JUDGMENT as to Lucinda Lyons Shackleford (1), Count(s) 1, 2 yrs. prob.; $100.00 sp. asst; $724.00 rest.; Count(s) 2, 2 yrs. prob. to run concurrent; $25.00 sp. asst. Restitution Ordered. Signed by District Judge Max O. Cogburn, Jr on 11/13/2012. (chh)

The Press Release, click here

 

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Training via the internet

Although I don’t know if this is spam or not, I have been exploring the links.  So for those interested in training, especially training to be a “Crime Scene Investigator”, Here are some links thanks to courtreporter.net

50 Open Courses to become a Real Life CSIhttp://www.courtreporter.net/blog/2010/50-open-courses-to-become-a-real-life-csi/

I checked out some of the classes listed and am impressed especially with the offerings from Open University.

Below is a sampling from the webpage.

Crime

You’ll study the nature of crime in these courses.

  1. The Meaning of Crime: Find out exactly what crime is with the help of this course. [Open U]
  2. Aims and Limits of the Criminal Law: Take this course to learn more about criminal law. [Berkeley]
  3. Trials in History: Study famous trials in history through this course. [MIT]
  4. Crime, Heredity and Insanity in American History: This course will teach you about crime and insanity throughout history. [ND]

Death

As a crime scene investigator, your job will require you to confront death. These courses can help you better understand it.

  1. Death: Professor Shelly Kagan discusses the philosophy of death in this course. [Yale]
  2. Living with Death and Dying: Check out this course to see how you can live with death and dying. [Open U]
  • Click here for the list.
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    Human Trafficking

    Just what is Human Trafficking? We heard about the case down in Moore County, NC which resulted in the Mother selling her daughter for prostitution.

    From the Bureau of Justice, “Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents”,  Human Trafficking has occurred if a person was induced to perform labor or a commerical sex act through force, fraud, or coercion. Any person under age 18 who performs a commercial sex act is considered a victim of human trafficking, regardless of whether force, fraud or coercion were present.

    It is defined as, “The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for one of 3 purposes:

    1) Labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery

    2) a Commercial sex act through the use of force, fraud or coercion

    3) Any Commercial sex act, if the person is under 18 years of age, regardless of whether any form or coercion is involved.

    See http://www.ncjrs.gov/app/publications/bjspubs.aspx

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